Gvt44ad compressor start relay

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Gvt44ad compressor start relay

During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you. We will continue to give you accurate and timely information throughout the crisis, and we will deliver on our mission — to help everyone in the world learn how to do anything — no matter what.

Thank you to our community and to all of our readers who are working to aid others in this time of crisis, and to all of those who are making personal sacrifices for the good of their communities. We will get through this together. Updated: November 21, Reader-Approved References. If your refrigerator stops producing cold air, there may be something wrong with the PTC positive temperature coefficient relay, also known as the start relay.

gvt44ad compressor start relay

The PTC relay starts the compressor inside the fridge to make cold air so your food stays cool. Luckily, the PTC relay is something you can easily check and replace yourself if you need to. After you access the relay and compressor on your fridge, use a multimeter to test the ports to make sure it has a low resistance. Tip: Take a picture of the relay before you detach the wires so you remember how to put them back on later.

To test the PTC relay in your refrigerator, unplug the fridge and remove the lower back panel so you can access the relay, which will look like a small black box with 2 or 3 wires running into it. Carefully disconnect the wires with a pair of pliers, and then remove the relay by pulling it off of the prongs on the compressor. Then, use a multimeter to check the relay for open resistance.

If the reading on the meter is above 1 ohm or remains unchanged, it may be time for a replacement. To find out how to replace your PTC relay, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet? Create an account. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. As the COVID situation develops, our hearts ache as we think about all the people around the world that are affected by the pandemic Read morebut we are also encouraged by the stories of our readers finding help through our site.

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Learn why people trust wikiHow. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Together, they cited information from 15 references.

Learn more Explore this Article Accessing the Relay. Checking the Relay with a Multimeter.

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Testing the Compressor. Tips and Warnings.If your refrigerator hums loudly, dims the lights, trips a circuit breaker or blows a fuse every time it tries to start, the problem may be a malfunctioning start relay on the compressor. The purpose of the start relay is to connect the start winding in parallel with the run winding to provide the extra torque necessary at start-up and then disconnect the start winding after the compressor reaches operating speed.

Start relays are easy to test and inexpensive to replace. Assemble your capacitor discharging tool. Attach one of the alligator clips from each of the jumper wires to the leads on the 20, Ohm wire-wound power resistor.

Attach the other alligator clips on the jumper wires to the metal shanks of the screwdrivers. The purpose of the power resistor is to limit the current flow doing the discharging process and prevent the screwdriver tips from becoming welded to the capacitor terminals.

Pull the refrigerator away from the wall. Unplug the power cord from the wall receptacle. Locate the motor starting capacitor. These capacitors are black in color, tubular in shape and have two terminals on one end.

Discharge this capacitor by touching the blades of your home-made discharging tool to the terminals of the capacitor. Hold them against the terminals for a couple of minutes to make sure the capacitor is completely discharged. To verify that the capacitor is discharged simply short out the two terminals with the metal shank of one of the screwdrivers. No spark, the capacitor is completely discharged. This is very important because a good start capacitor can hold its full charge for weeks, even months after the refrigerator has been unplugged from the wall receptacle.

Remove the metal cover from the start relay box. This box can be identified by the thick red, blue and brown wires entering the box. The cover may be secured in place by a spring clip or a screw. With the cover off, pull the relay free of the compressor wingding's terminals. Take a digital picture or make a sketch of how the wires are connected to the relay switch.

Pull the female wire connectors from the male side terminals on the start relay. Some of these connectors become quite tight with age, and you may need to use long-nosed pliers to pull them free. Grasp the connectors with the pliers; do not pull on the wires. Set the function switch on your multimeter to the X1 Ohms range. Turn the relay right side up and repeat this test. Turn the relay upside down again.

Turn the relay upside down for a third time. Based in Colorado Springs, Colo. Walch spent 40 years working in the electrical trades and holds an Associate of Applied Science in applied electrical engineering technology from Alvin Junior College.

Skip to main content. Things You Will Need 20, Ohm, 2-Watt, wire-wound power resistor 2 jumper wires equipped with alligator clips 2 flat-head, insulated screwdrivers Long-nose pliers Digital multimeter.

gvt44ad compressor start relay

Tip There are two types of relays, electromechanical and solid state. This article pertains to the electromechanical, the one with the exposed coil. A solid state relay can also be tested with a digital multimeter but the testing procedure is beyond the scope of this article.Taking the time to learn how to test a refrigerator start relay can help you find any problems, fix them, and ultimately save you the money you'd have to spend on a new one.

It's not the easiest task for a do-it-yourselfer to complete, but with a little focus and determination, it can be done. Here's how to test a refrigerator start relay. Turn off electrical power to your refrigerator by turning off the appropriate circuit breaker or by unplugging the unit. This is a step for safety that should be followed any time you're working with electricity or an electrically powered piece of equipment.

In this case, when you're testing a refrigerator start relay, you want to turn off the power both to prevent electrical shock and because the compressor could start at any time during the testing process, altering your results. Locate the start relay.

To do this you need to find the compressor first. The compressor is typically located at the back bottom of the fridge so you'll need to remove the unit from the wall. Be careful when moving the refrigerator so you don't damage the kitchen flooring.

Ceramic flooring won't damage easily but usually, it doesn't take much to permanently damage linoleum. Place cardboard on the floor if necessary to protect it. Once the fridge is pulled out, look for a large cylinder-shaped object with copper tubings connected to it, you just found the compressor. Move to the right side of the compressor and look for a box with wires jutting out of it.

The start relay is inside this box.

gvt44ad compressor start relay

Take off the cover to the box by loosening it with the appropriate screwdriver, if necessary. In most cases, you won't need a screwdriver because the cover is held in place with tension clips or retaining clips which can be manually loosened. Inside the box is the overload protector, and the start relay. The biggest component is the start relay. A wire-wound relay can be tested by a do-it-yourselfer but a solid-state one will require testing by a professional.

Pull off the wire-wound relay with needle-nose pliers. Find the "s" and "m" plug-type terminals and the "L" slip-on terminal. Position the relay on the floor, counter or table so the "s" and "m" terminal are facing down. Insert the multi-tester with one probe on each of the "s" and "m" terminals.

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Set the tester to zero ohms. Turn over the relay and after a clicking sound, the reading should change to "infinity" if the relay is functioning.

Turn the unit over again and place one probe from the "s" terminal to the "L" terminal. The tester should read "zero" again and when the relay is turned over, there should be no change in the reading if the unit is working properly.

If it isn't, you'll need to replace it.A refrigerator start relay is a device that jump-starts the compressor inside the refrigerator. If the refrigerator start relay is burned out, then the compressor may not work and the interior will not freeze.

Since the compressor is a very important part in the refrigeration system, it needs to have a working refrigerator start relay in order to work. If the refrigerator is warming up and making some strange clicking noise, this may be an indication of a damaged refrigerator start relay.

As mentioned above, the relay can be damaged when a loud click is heard occasionally whenever the compressor is warming up. However, the refrigerator start relay has to be removed from the system in order to have it checked. Before removing it from the system, make sure to unplug the unit first. The relay is located at the rear bottom of the fridge.

Simply remove the guard cover from at the back of the unit to expose the compressor. Near the compressor is a small box with wires coming out of it. This is the relay. Older units usually have a wire-wound relay that can be easily spotted because these units have a visible cooper wound around a plunger. Newer units are solid state relays that require special equipment for checking. These relays easily get fried, unlike the wire-wound relay. If the relay has terminals that are badly corroded, it may need to be replaced.

However, some relays just need to be cleaned in order to work again. Make use of a metal cleaner to remove the corrosion and place it back again.

Try to check if this solves the problem.

Fridge Compressor Not Starting Replace Start Relay & Overload

If the relay still does not work, then it may have probably burned out. There are a few methods to check whether the start relay is working fine or not. The solid state relays can be easily tested by removing it from the compressor and shaking it. If it creates a rattling sound, then it is indeed burned out. To make sure, have it checked by a professional. For wire-wound relays, they can be checked using an ohmmeter.

There are usually three terminals on the relay—two usual terminals marked S and M and a slip-on terminal marked L. To check if the relay has continuity, place the two probes of the tester on the two terminals S and M. The reading should be zero. With the probe still touching the terminals, flip the relay over.

This time, a click should be heard and the tester should read infinity.

Refrigerator Compressor Overload and PTC Start Relay W11039035

Do the same steps but with the probes touching the terminals S and L. The results should be the same. Do the same test with the probes on terminal M and L. This time, the reading should be zero even when it is flipped over. If not, replace the relay with a new one. Make sure to purchase the same type of relay from the supply store.

Troubleshooting your refrigerator's start relay will hopefully reveal the problem. Your ice cream is safe now! We welcome your comments and suggestions. All information is provided "AS IS.You may return an unused and uninstalled part in its original packaging.

We must receive the returned part s with the Return Authorization number within days of your original order date. Exclusions apply to products with limited shelf life, which includes but are not limited to batteries, smoke detectors, or chemical based products; these products must be returned within 90 days of the original order date.

Items received damaged must be reported within 10 days of receipt. Credit will be issued for the part s plus tax, minus any shipping charges.

Not a member? Sign up here. Points are valid for 14 days. Members earn points on qualifying purchases, excluding sales taxes and other fees. Extra points are inclusive of, and not in addition to, any base points earned on qualifying purchases. When extra point offers are combined, total points earned will be less than the combined point totals for each individual offer. Compressor start relay W attaches to the compressor and helps start the compressor motor.

Safely store any food that could deteriorate while the power is off and unplug the refrigerator before installing this part. Wear work gloves to protect your hands. Hover to Zoom. Refrigerator Compressor Start Relay W In Stock. Add to cart. Member Exclusive Not a member? Part Information. This compressor start relay part number W is for refrigerators.

Part Number. Technician facts. Installations last year: 1 Average installation time: 31 minutes Level of repair difficulty: Don't have time to install it yourself? Schedule an appointment. Will this part fit my model? What's a model number and where do I find it?The refrigerator does not works the whole time. It goes on and off during the cooling cycle, maintaining the ideal temperature inside the cabinet.

Compressor Starter Relay Parts

For the compressor to be connected, the start relay is required, it is responsible for supplying energy to the unit. But when a refrigerator needs repairing, how does one know if the start relay needs to be replaced? To know more about compressor check, click here. How to test the start relay: One of the symptoms that the relay is damaged is when the refrigerator heats up and certain clicks can be heard. Before replacing it by a new start relay, do the test to discover if it really is the part which has a problem.

Learn to test the start relay of the compressor: 1. Disconnect the refrigerator As you are going to work in the rear part, for your protection, the appliance should not be energized. This is a safety recommendation which must be followed when you are working with parts or equipment driven by electricity.

How to test the start relay of the refrigerator compressor

Remove the connectors of the relay Remove the protective cover of the compressor and remove the relay. With pliers, preferably needle-nose pliers, take the connector of the wire and remove the relay.

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Pay attention to not take the wire, but the connector. Note if there are signs of corrosion in the relay — if this is the case, opt to replace it. Identify the model of the start relay There are different types of relays. The electrical unit of a refrigeration system is determined based on the voltage, frequency and operating envelope of the compressor. Do the test with a multimeter.

Step 1: With the relay in any position, check if there is continuity between terminals 1 and 2 of the relay. If there is not, change the relay. Step 2: With the relay in the vertical position, coil of the relay upwards, check if there is continuity between terminals 1 and 3 of the relay. If there is not, change the relay and repeat step 1. Step 3: With the relay in the vertical position, coil downwards, check if there is continuity between terminals 1 and 3. If there is, change the relay.

Step 1: With the relay in the vertical position, coil downwards, check if there is continuity between terminals 10 and 11 of the relay. Step 2: With the relay in the vertical position, coil upwards, check if there is continuity between terminals 10 and 11 of the relay. If there is, change the relay and repeat step 1.

Step 1: With the aid of an ohmmeter, measure the ohmic resistance between terminals 2 and 3. At ambient temperature, the values should be near those presented in the list below:. How to change the start relay As already mentioned, there are different types of relays.You're rolling the dice and it's not worth it.

Mine lasted one month. I've switched to Original Equip Manufacture. OEM cost twice as much and it looks different, but if it lasts it's worth it to not have food spoil. Here at Walmart. Your email address will never be sold or distributed to a third party for any reason. Due to the high volume of feedback, we are unable to respond to individual comments.

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Signs and Symptoms of a Bad Start Relay on a Refrigerator

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